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The peanut plant probably originated in Brazil or Peru. But for as long as people have been making pottery in South America (3,500 years or so) they have been making jars shaped like peanuts and decorated with peanuts. European explorers first discovered peanuts in Brazil. Tribes in central Brazil also ground peanuts with maize to make an intoxicating beverage for celebrations.

The Portuguese transplanted peanuts to West Africa while the Spaniards introduced them to the Philippines. Peanuts became a staple of the African slaves on their voyages to America. Because of its introduction to America by slaves, the peanut was at first relegated to an inferior status as food for the poor and livestock. Ile Civil War introduced peanuts to Northerners, and both Armies subsisted on this nutritious protein source.

Mechanized machinery simplified peanut harvesting and processing. Street vendors began selling roasted peanuts from carts, as did vendors at circuses and baseball stadiums. Peanuts and peanut butter became an integral part of the Armed Forces rations in World Wars I and II. Their popularity grew with the growth of the U.S. population. Today peanuts contribute over four billion dollars to the U.S. economy each year. Although the U.S. is a major exporter of edible peanuts to various countries around the World, they are grown in countries as far flung as Africa, China, Australia and Argentina.

Helps Promote Fertility (Folate): Rich in folate. Women consumes 400µg of folic acid daily during early pregnancy, reduced the risk of having a baby born with a serious neural tube defect.

Aids in Blood Sugar Regulation: One fourth cup of peanuts can supply the body with 35% of the DV of manganese, a mineral which plays a role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, calcium absorption, and blood sugar regulation.

Helps Prevent Gallstones: Groundnut can helps to prevent gallstones. Eating 1 ounce of nuts, peanuts or peanut butter a week lowers the risk of developing gallstones by 25%.

Helps Fight Depression (Tryptophan) Peanuts are good sources of tryptophan, an essential amino acid which is important for the production of serotonin, one of the key brain chemicals involved in mood regulation.

Boosts Memory Power: Vitamin B3 or niacin content whose many health benefits include normal brain functioning and boosting memory power.