Green gram is one of the important pulse crops in India. It has been reported that Green gram has been cultivated in India since ancient times. It is widely cultivated throughout the Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, south China, and Formosa. In Africa and U.S.A. it is probably recent.

It contains about 25 percent protein, which is almost three times that of cereals. It supplies protein requirement of vegetarian population of the country.

Green gram also plays an important role in sustaining soil fertility by improving soil physical properties and fixing atmospheric nitrogen. It is a drought resistant crop and suitable for dryland farming and predominantly used as an intercrop with other crops. The chemical composition of Green gram is given below.

Reduces cholesterol: Regular consumption of green gram also reduces the level of cholesterol of the body as it contains fiber.

Contains Vitamin B-6 & folic acid: It helps to keeps strokes and many heart related diseases away.

Contains Vitamin B1,C,B6: Protects and safeguards against many infectious and contagious diseases.